• Suggestion of Quantitative Assessment of Groundwater Resilience
  • Soonyoung Yu1·Ho-Rim Kim2*·Seong-Taek Yun3·Dong-Woo Ryu2·Byoung-Woo Yum2

  • 1Smart Subsurface Environment Management (Smart-SEM) Research Center, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea
    2Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM), Daejeon 34132, Korea
    3Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Korea University, Seoul 02841, Korea

  • 지하수 리질리언스의 정량적 평가 방안
  • 유순영1·김호림2*·윤성택3·류동우2·염병우2

  • 1고려대학교 스마트지중환경관리연구단
    3고려대학교 지구환경과학과

  • This article is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


The concept of resilience seems applicable for sustainable groundwater management. The resilience is broadly defined as the ability of a system to resist changes by external forces (EFs), and has been used for disaster management and climate change adaptation, including the groundwater resilience to climate change in countries where groundwater is a major water resource, whereas not yet in the geological society of South Korea. The resilience is qualitatively assessed using the absorptive, adaptive, and restorative capacity representing the internal robustness, self-organization, and external recovery resources, respectively, while quantitatively using the system impact (SI) and recovery effort (RE). When the groundwater is considered a complicated system where physicochemical, biological, and geological components interact, the groundwater resilience can be defined as the ability of groundwater to maintain the targeted quality and quantity at any EFs. For the quantitative assessment, however, the resilience should be specified to an EF and measurable parameters should be available for SI and RE. This study focused on groundwater resilience to two EFs in urban areas, i.e., pollution due to land use change and groundwater withdrawal for underground structures. The resilience to each EF was assessed using qualitative components, while measurements for SI and RE were discussed.

Keywords: Groundwater, Resilience, External forces, System impact, Recovery effort

This Article

  • 2021; 26(5): 60-76

    Published on Oct 31, 2021

  • 10.7857/JSGE.2021.26.5.060
  • Received on Oct 7, 2021
  • Revised on Oct 13, 2021
  • Accepted on Oct 25, 2021

Correspondence to

  • Ho-Rim Kim
  • Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM), Daejeon 34132, Korea

  • E-mail: honeius@kigam.re.kr