• A Preliminary Assessment of Groundwater Chemistry for Agricultural Water Supply in the Mangyeong-Dongjin Watershed
  • Hanna Choi·Hong-Il Kwon·Yoon-Yeol Yoon·Yongcheol Kim·Dong-Chan Koh*

  • Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 34132, Korea

  • 만경-동진강 유역 지하수의 화학적 특성에 대한 농업용수 측면의 예비적 평가
  • 최한나·권홍일·윤윤열·김용철·고동찬*

  • 한국지질자원연구원

  • This article is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We investigated hydrochemical and stable isotope characteristics of groundwater in a large agricultural plain, the Honam plain, to evaluate the adequacy of agricultural water supply. For preliminary assessment for the area, we collected 23 groundwater samples from domestic wells and conducted hydrochemical and water stable isotope analysis. Groundwater in the study area is mainly Ca-HCO3 type resulting from water-rock interactions. Stable oxygen and hydrogen isotopic compositions indicated that recharge water is derived from precipitation while some sampling sites had evaporation signatures. Irrigation water quality using sodium absorption ratio and salinity hazard showed most of the groundwater samples were found to be suitable for irrigation. The groundwater in the southwestern part of the study area was affected by both seawater intrusion and agricultural activities, indicating a higher possibility of groundwater contamination near the coastal areas. Elevated concentrations of nitrate and phosphate ions in the groundwater are considered to be influenced by anthropogenic activities such as fertilizer application. It is expected that this study would be able to provide preliminary information on groundwater quality for agricultural water supply in the Mangyeong-Dongjin watershed.

Keywords: Agricultural water supply, Water-rock interaction, Evaporation signature, Seawater intrusion

This Article

  • 2021; 26(1): 65-75

    Published on Feb 28, 2021

  • 10.7857/JSGE.2021.26.1.065
  • Received on Feb 5, 2021
  • Revised on Feb 6, 2021
  • Accepted on Feb 19, 2021

Correspondence to

  • Dong-Chan Koh
  • Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 34132, Korea

  • E-mail: chankoh@kigam.re.kr