• The Potential Application of Passive Sampling Techniques in Contaminated Soil and Groundwater
  • Pil-Gon Kim1·Joungho Park2·JaeKyoung Moon2·Jung-Hwan Kwon1·Jihee Kim3·Seunghee Han3·Yongseok Hong2*

  • 1Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University
    2College of Science and Technology, Korea University Sejong Campus
    3School of Earth Sciences and Environmental Engineering, GIST

  • 오염 토양 및 지하수에서 수동샘플러 적용 방안 연구
  • 김필곤1·박중호2·문재경2·권정환1·김지희3·한승희3·홍용석2*

  • 1고려대학교 환경생태공학부
    2고려대학교 환경시스템공학과
    3광주과기원 환경공학부

  • This article is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Passive samplers are environmental monitoring devices that are accumulating pollutants in adsorbing medium by diffusion. They are distinguished from active samplers which are generally required electric power to create artificial and advective movements facilitating mass transport from environment to samplers’ adsorbing parts. Passive samplers have been applied to various environmental media such as air, water, sediment, groundwater, and soil with different but could be sometimes similar purposes. They have been primarily used to measure concentrations of pollutants in both homogeneous and heterogeneous environments with high resolution in space, i.e., millimeters. They also have been used to quantify time weighted average concentrations without multiple sampling efforts at different times. Human and ecological risk assessments are also a representative example for the application of passive samplers. However, it is hard to find a case study in Korea that passive samplers have ever applied in soil and groundwater with any of those purposes. In this research, extensive literatures are reviewed to identify the utility of passive sampler application on various environmental media and diverse pollutants including VOCs, HOCs, heavy metals, and etc. Finally, the potential uses of passive sampling techniques to the area of soil and groundwater science and engineering are critically evaluated

Keywords: Passive sampler,Soil, Groundwater, Heavy metals, Organic pollutants

This Article

  • 2021; 26(2): 1-16

    Published on Apr 30, 2021

  • 10.7857/JSGE.2021.26.2.001
  • Received on Apr 13, 2021
  • Revised on Apr 16, 2021
  • Accepted on Apr 20, 2021

Correspondence to

  • Yongseok Hong
  • College of Science and Technology, Korea University Sejong Campus

  • E-mail: yongseokhong@korea.ac.kr